What is a Prolapsed Hemorrhoid?

If you asked "What is a prolapsed hemorrhoid?", I would say that A prolapsed hemorrhoid is the result of an internal hemorrhoid condition which has been allowed to get worse over time. To understand what a prolapsed hemorrhoid is it is important to first understand what internal hemorrhoids are since prolapsed hemorrhoids are a form of internal hemorrhoids.

Internal hemorrhoids are swollen anal veins that develop on the inside of the anal canal. The hemorrhoids form on the lining of the anal wall and can become irritated over time as the result of constipation, poor diet, or other factors. If internal hemorrhoids become irritated and the condition goes untreated they can develop into what is known as prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Prolapsed hemorrhoids are internal hemorrhoids that have become loose as the result of weakened tissue around the hemorrhoid. Once the hemorrhoid becomes loose it slides down the anal wall and protrudes outside of the anal opening where it can become painful and uncomfortable.

There are different degrees of prolapsed hemorrhoids which include the following:

  • First Degree

  • The first degree usually does not involve a prolapsed hemorrhoid. It is simply an internal hemorrhoid that has developed on the inside of the anal canal.

  • Second Degree

  • Prolapsed hemorrhoids that are second degree have reached the point where they protrude outside of the anal opening and will retract back inside the opening on their own accord.

  • Third Degree

  • A third degree prolapsed hemorrhoid also protrudes from the anal opening and can be reinserted manually with your fingertip. The problem with third degree prolapsed hemorrhoids is that once you reinsert them they can protrude again without warning which can sometimes be embarrassing and cause discomfort.

  • Fourth Degree

  • A prolapsed hemorrhoid that is in the fourth degree stage will remain on the exterior of the anal opening and cannot be manually reinserted. Fourth degree prolapsed hemorrhoids can often become strangulated or thrombosed.

A strangulated hemorrhoid occurs when the blood flow is cut off to the hemorrhoid and a thrombosed hemorrhoid is a hemorrhoid that has formed a blood clot inside the tissue. Both types of prolapsed hemorrhoids require medical attention.

What Do Prolapsed Hemorrhoids Look Like?

Prolapsed hemorrhoids are clearly visible on the exterior of the anal opening and look like a clump of grapes protruding from the anus. If they have become strangulated or thrombosed they may appear to be bluish in color and will often exhibit symptoms of bleeding if they become irritated.

Symptoms of Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

Symptoms of prolapsed hemorrhoids may include the inability to complete a bowel movement, anal itching and discomfort, blood in the stool or on the toilet paper, and pain in the exterior of the anal area. You can often feel a prolapsed hemorrhoid when you wipe following a bowel movement and may have a feeling of fullness in your abdomen.

Causes of Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

The exact cause of prolapsed hemorrhoids is somewhat unknown although there are different theories that surround the causes of prolapsed hemorrhoids. If the walls of the anal canal or the anal veins are weak some medical professionals have theorized that this is one of the causes of prolapsed hemorrhoids. The fact that this area is weak causes the hemorrhoid to become loose and then fall down the anal canal and out the anal opening. Other medical professionals have thought that prolapsed hemorrhoids can be caused by poor diet and lack of fluid intake.

Although the causes of prolapsed hemorrhoids is still a mystery, if you suffer from this condition you will find a wealth of helpful information on this website for seeking relief and treatment for prolapsed hemorrhoids.

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